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Imprenditori e rischio: una review sistematica della letteratura con focus sulla piccola impresa

Vincenzo Fasone, Mariano Puglisi

Abstract


Il termine entrepreneur è stato introdotto dal francese Richard Cantillon nel 1755, nel suo lavoro e come riportato anche dalle parole di Blaug (2000) identifica la categoria degli imprenditori come “l’unica caratterizzata da un rischio effettivo, ovvero dal fatto o condizione di comprare a un prezzo certo e vendere a un prezzo incerto”.

Obiettivo del presente lavoro è, dunque, quello di analizzare l’atteggiamento dell’imprenditore nei confronti del rischio e offrire uno specifico focus sul contesto delle imprese di piccola dimensione. In particolare, si tenterà di fornire risposta alle seguenti domande: come viene studiato il tema dell’atteggiamento dell’imprenditore verso il rischio? L’imprenditore come si comporta in situazione di rischio o incertezza? Quale particolare attenzione assume tutto ciò nel contesto della piccola impresa?

Dal punto di vista metodologico, si è deciso di procedere attraverso una systematic review, con approccio cronologico di tipo narrativo e critico (Booth et al., 2012), analizzando la letteratura relativa all’area di interesse (Saunders et al., 2016), è stato utilizzato un approccio di tipo deduttivo al fine di costruire un framework teorico sull’argomento oggetto di studio, ideale punto di riferimento iniziale per ricerche future, tenendo anche in considerazione l’eventuale aspetto empirico.

 

The term entrepreneur was introduced by Richard Cantillon (1755), by identifying

the category of entrepreneurs as “the only one characterized by an actual risk,

that is, by the fact or condition of buying at a certain price and selling to an

uncertain price” (Blaug, 2000).

The purpose of this study, as well as the main objective, is the analysis of the

entrepreneur's attitude towards the risk. In particular, we will try to answer the

following questions: How is the behavior of the entrepreneur studied in situations

of risk? How is the behavior of the entrepreneur in situations of risk, in the

context of SMEs?

From the methodological point of view, it was decided to carry out a systematic

review of literature, with a narrative and critical chronological approach (Booth et

al., 2012). A deductive approach was used in order to define a theoretical

framework on the subject that is being studied (Saunders et al., 2016) and a

milestone for future research, also taking into account any empirical aspects.


Keywords


imprenditore; rischio; piccola impresa; revisione sistematica.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14596/pisb.325

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